Industrial Robots Best Suited For Your Project
Many firms use industrial robots to automate activities, improve the safety of workers, and raise overall productivity while simultaneously cutting waste and lowering operating costs. As industrial robots become increasingly prevalent in production settings facilities, there has been a simultaneous growth in the need for a wide variety of distinct kinds of industrial robots tailored to the requirements of various applications and sectors.
Types of Industrial Robots
Industrial robots may be broken down into six distinct categories, each based on the device’s mechanical configuration. These categories include articulated robots, cartesian robots, SCARA robots, delta robots, polar robots, and cylindrical robots. Industrial robots can be characterized not only based on their mechanical arrangement but also the control of their mobility, power supply, and tangible attributes.
This article will concentrate on the most common configurations of industrial robots, the benefits and drawbacks of each type, and the many fields in which they may be utilized.
According to the International Federation of Robots, 60% of industrial robot installations have articulated arms. These robots feature structures like a shoulders, elbow, and wrist. Articulated robots have 2 to 10 joints to do dynamic tasks. More joints make robot moves “smoother.” Articulated arms typically have six degrees of freedom across their pivot points. This is fewer than the human arm’s seven degrees of freedom, but it’s plenty for most tasks. Arc and spot welding, food packing, material handling, automobile assembly, steel bridge building, acrylic handling, casting, and hammering are just a few common uses for articulated robots.
- Large work area with minimal floor space requirements.
- Multiple planes may be aligned more easily.
● Separate controller for the robot.
● Programming is difficult.
● Kinematics is complex.
Cartesian robots are able to move in three linear axes simultaneously: they can move in a forward and reverse directions, vertically and horizontally, and side by side. The fact that they make use of the Cartesian Coordinate system is where they receive their appellation from. To put it another way, they move both horizontally and vertically inside each plane that is ninety degrees. The actions of cartesian robots are more precise than those of other types of robots because they only function linearly in three dimensions. The terms “pick and place” activities, “loading and unloading,” “material handling,” “assembly and sub-assembly,” “nuclear material handling,” and “adhesive” are examples of common uses for cartesian robots.
- Offers a high degree of positioning precision.
- A straightforward method.
- Simple to program even while offline.
- Extremely malleable and adaptable.
- Capable of dealing with high loads.
- Minimal cost.
- A vast operational and installation space is needed.
- An intricate assemblage.
- Movement is constrained to occur only in the specified direction at any moment.
The term “Selective Compliance Articulated Robot Arm” (sometimes written as “SCARA”) is an abbreviation that refers to the Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm. SCARA Robots can move in a rotating motion in addition to functioning on three axes (X, Y, and Z). SCARA Robots are superior to Cartesian Robots in terms of their ability to perform lateral motions, as well as their speed, integration, and ease of use. Assembly applications, the handling of semiconductor wafers, applications in the medical field, biomedical, packaging, stacking pallets, and machine loading are all common uses for cartesian robots.
- Phenomenal reliability in performance.
- Plenty of room for working.
● A specialized robot controller is required.
● It can only be applied to flat surfaces.
● Programming offline is complicated.
Delta robots are commonly referred to as “spider-like” because of its design, which consists of parallelograms attached to a base and generally positioned above a workstation. The electrical industry, the food business, the pharmaceutical and electronic industry, flight and vehicle simulators, and optical fiber alignment are all common uses for cartesian robots.
- Breakneck speed
- High degrees of precision in all operations
- Complex operation.
- A particular robot controller is required.
As the name implies, Polar robots are made up of a combined linear joint and two rotary joints as well as an arm attached to the robotic base through an interlocking rotary joint. The axis, which are often referred to as spherical robots, establish a spherical work envelope and a polar coordinate system for these machines. Polar robots are commonly used in casting process, acrylic processing, piling and unpiling, compression molding, hammering, welding, and material handling.
- Can access all areas surrounding.
- Able to reach either above or below obstructions.
- Substantial working space.
- Less floor area is needed.
- It cannot ascend above its height.
- Insufficient height for a comfortable perch.
- Low precision and reproducibility while rotating in one direction only.
- Complicated controls are needed for this.
- They have become a rarity in new designs and are no longer popular.
Cylindrical robots feature a prismatic joint that connects the links and a rotary joint at the base of the robot. The robots have a work envelope that is formed like a cylinder. To accomplish it, the device must be equipped with both a rotating shaft and an extended arm that moves in a vertical and, correspondingly, a sliding motion. Common applications for cylindrical robots include the transportation of panels, assemblying and polishing, die casting, smelting, and hammering, and machine loading and unloading.
- Easy operation and mounting bracket assembly.
- Easy and quick installation.
- Can access all areas surrounding it.
- Requires less floor space.
- Capable of carrying significant payloads.
- Cannot get around the obstructions in the way.
- Low levels of precision in the rotational motion’s direction.
- Outdated designs.
Safety And Maintenance Of Industrial Robots
As a general rule, all robots have similar safety concerns. Most commonly, an external device is used to prevent the operator from being pinched or struck by the robots. The gate on this fence instructs the robot to slow down or stop traveling when a human operator opens it. By making it impossible to tamper with the robot while in operation, this robust guard ensures the safety of both the user and the product. For robots, there is no one-size-fits-all approach to maintenance. The duty cycle of the robots and the surroundings in which they operate are the two most important factors influencing how long maintenance takes. All robots, regardless of kind, will have to be serviced more frequently in dirty environments than in clean environments because of the increased risk of contamination.
Choosing The Best Fit
The critical starting points for each motion application are the workload, direction, speed, duration, accuracy, environment, and duty cycle. When designers decide which of the six types of robots to incorporate into their processes, they need to consider these essential starting points. After determining these parameters, direct correlations will be drawn to the type of robot that corresponds to it, which will allow them to achieve the most productive and successful outcomes in their factory.
YOUNGUBOX ELECTRONICS SUITED ALUMINIUM CASES
Now, the growth of the robotics industry owes a significant amount of debt to the development of aluminum beginning in the middle of the 20th century and continuing ahead. The field of robotics would not be where it is now if it were not for the qualities of strength, durability, lifespan, portability, and flexibility offered by aluminum.
In addition to being utilized in various robotic components, aluminum is essential in the automated production process. Aluminum helps supply answers in situations where other materials cannot do so, ranging from small, machined parts to massive, automatic machinery and even the robots employed to produce them.
YONGUBOX’s aluminum enclosures enable manufacturers and designers to get the most out of the goods and projects they are working on by maximizing their potential.
It has 28 waterproofs (L series) models to choose from, including the following specifications.
- K01A-K05A, full plastic protected plastic covers.
- K01B-K05B, half-protected plastic covers with aluminum end panels.
- K06-K10, half-protected plastic end covers.
- K11-K23, wall mounted flange and can use the sticker instead of the printing.
Structure & Key Features
● Good heat dissipation, easy to be assembled.
● Dimensions, hole drilling, surface treatment, printing, etc., can be customized.
● Rugged and robust for heavy-duty use.
● Dustproof, Durable and can be used for a long time.
● Good quality aluminum material, al6063, and al5052.
● Conductivity is achievable using contacts between unfinished inner surfaces.